Hey guys, nice to see you again! “What is Dopamine?” I published an article entitled. This week, I’m going to talk about the hormone Serotonin, which is considered his brother and works pretty well together.
Serotonin is created by a biochemical conversion process that combines tryptophan, a component of proteins, with tryptophan hydroxylase, a chemical reactor. Together, they form 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), or serotonin
Serotonin is most commonly believed to be a neurotransmitter, although some consider it to be a hormone. It is produced in the intestines and the brain. It is also present in the blood platelets and the central nervous system (CNS).
As it occurs widely throughout the body, it is believed to influence a variety of body and psychological functions.
Serotonin cannot cross the blood-brain barrier, so any serotonin that is used inside the brain must be produced inside the brain.
Serotonin deficiency symptoms
Low levels of serotonin have been linked with:
The Role of Serotonin in Brain Function
In addition to depression, serotonin may play a role in other brain and mental health disorders, including anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), phobias, and even epilepsy.
Serotonin plays an important role in many other body functions, too. It’s involved in appetite and digestion (bowel function and bowel movements), bone health, sex, and sleep.
Serotonin is a precursor to melatonin, a chemical that helps regulate the body’s sleep-wake cycle. Certain antidepressants that raise serotonin levels have been associated with sexual dysfunction.
Too high or too low levels of serotonin have been linked to diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), heart disease, and osteoporosis -a disease that weakens the bones -according to an article published in April 2016 in the journal Cell.
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs, are a class of drugs used to treat depression and anxiety. They’re the most popular class of antidepressants. (5)
Commonly prescribed SSRIs include:
SSRIs are sometimes called second generation antidepressants. In general, these antidepressants have fewer side effects than older tricyclic antidepressants.
Still, there are still several common side effects associated with SSRI use. These may include: